The blue crab, a highly important species in the Chesapeake Bay, has suffered a decline in population over the past years. New regulations, such as reducing the female harvest by approximately one-third, have helped, but the population is still recovering slowly. Romuald Lipcius and Jian Shen of Virginia Institute of Marine Science will study whether […]
Category for Research
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Featured Research Stories
This summer, Virginia Sea Grant-funded researchers reported a surprising finding about climate change and seagrass in Chesapeake Bay.
With a declining oyster population in the Chesapeake Bay, there has been a large effort to rebuild reefs. Melissa Karp of Virginia Institute of Marine Science will analyze characteristics of habitats to determine how to best improve future oyster reef restoration. Her research will explore the effects of structural complexity and location on the species […]
Atlantic croaker, American eel, and Atlantic menhaden all use the Chesapeake Bay as a nursery area during their early life stages. However, fish tend to have high mortality rates in their early lives, making this a critical stage in influencing future populations. Cindy Marin Martinez of Virginia Institute of Marine Science will collect samples in […]
Oyster aquaculture, a quickly growing industry, creates jobs, a sustainable food source and relieves pressure on wild oyster populations. Now after growers across Virginia reported especially high mortality rates for the summer of 2014, Joseph Matt of Virginia Institute of Marine Science will investigate cross breeding as a possible cause for the mortality event. Some […]
Due to human activities, there has been an increase in the levels of nitrogen in bodies of water such as the Chesapeake Bay. Joseph Morina of Virginia Commonwealth University will explore the upstream systems that transport excess nutrient and sediments into the Bay. Specifically, he will be investigating how the tidal cycle affects microbial nitrogen […]
Greenhouse gas emissions constitute a major topic of discussion in environmental science. However, there is a lack of knowledge regarding how seagrass beds release gases such as methane and nitrous oxide. Matthew Oreska of the University of Virginia plans to study restored Zostera marina beds in Virginia and publish the first greenhouse gas release measurements […]
In recent years, certain Chesapeake Bay fisheries have suffered. One cause is the decline in the blue crab harvest. Joseph Schmitt of Virginia Tech plans to investigate the role blue catfish play in the decline of crab as well as in the Bay as a whole. Blue catfish, a non-native species, are believed to prey […]
The decreasing population and increasing demand for American eel, a data-poor species, creates a dilemma worth researching. Zoemma Warshafsky of Virginia Institute of Marine Science will investigate the parasitic nematode Anguillicoloides crassus as a possible culprit. Researchers in other parts of the world found the nematode to be harmful to eels native to their own […]
Natural disasters inflicting damage on coastal areas bring about the need to protect coasts in cost- and environmentally-friendly ways. One solution, living shorelines, is a method for stabilizing a shoreline with plants or other natural materials as opposed to a hard structure like rock revetment, which can be costly. Additionally, living shorelines can provide a […]
When Todd Gedamke was a graduate student at VIMS, he and his advisor John Hoenig developed a new model to track fish mortality. Now, Hoenig and his current student are extending the model to include additional types of data.
Joseph Matt will examine whether there is a relationship between oyster brood stock origin and triploid mortality, which could help commercial growers make more informed decisions about the oysters they plant.
Cindy Marin Martinez’s research will focus on three important species in the Chesapeake Bay: Atlantic croaker, American eel, and Atlantic menhaden. She hopes to determine whether the population of larval fishes in the York River is a good proxy for the amount of larval fishes moving into the Bay.
Joseph Morina will research the nutrient cycling of wetlands and the effects this has on downstream coastal ecosystems. He will also study the response of these systems to increasing sea levels, saltwater intrusion, and other effects of climate change.
Since their introduction, blue catfish in the Chesapeake Bay have grown numerous and large. Joseph Schmitt will research blue catfish as a non-native species in Virginia.
As a graduate research fellow, Matthew Oreska will research seagrass beds’ release of greenhouse gases in South Bay, Virginia.
Melissa Karp will investigate the effects of species diversity within an oyster reef as well as the structural complexity of the reef and the salinity of the water.
Yongqian Yang will research how coastal grasses affect wave patterns and can protect shorelines.
Zoemma Warshafsky will be researching a parasitic nematode as a possible cause for the shrinking population of American eel.
The Virginia Oyster Shell Recycling Program, which recycles shell from local businesses to restoration sites in the Bay, has expanded to Charlottesville.